Vietnam – Roadways

Highways - Vietnam's road system includes: national roads administered by the central government; provincial roads managed by provinces; district roads managed by districts; urban roads managed by cities and towns; and commune roads managed by communes. The total length of the Viet Nam road system is about 210,000 km with 19.0% paved, mainly national roads and provincial roads. The national road system length is 17,300 km with 27.6% of its length paved. The provincial road system is 27,762 km of length with 23.6% paved.

km of length with 23.6% paved.


National Roads


Provincial Roads


District Roads


Urban Roads


Rural Roads



Network Length

Road finance comes from a number of sources including the government, overseas donors such as the ADB, WB, JBIC and business organizations. Road investment recovery is mainly through tolls collected on bridges and roads.


The national motorways may have one or two lanes of same-directional traffic. Lanes are often not divided and there is frequent cross-traffic. Motorcycles drive on the far right or on the shoulder of the road, while slower vehicles drive in the right lane and faster vehicles take the centre. Common hazards include road damage, cross-traffic, pedestrians, animals, slow-moving or stopped vehicles, and debris.

Highway 1 is the federal motorway that runs the length of the country, connecting Ho Chi Minh City with Hanoi. Some sections of this motorway are just two lanes, other sections are four lanes, with lorries, buses, motorbikes, bicycles, animals, pedestrians and push carts all sharing the road.

Rural roads

Rural roads may be surfaced, gravel or dirt two-way streets. The lanes may be very narrow and lack adequate shoulders. Road hazards abound, and drivers must be alert to pedestrians, carts, livestock and other unexpected occurrences. Some rural roads are not intended for the use of vehicles larger than a motorcycle. In this case, the driver of a car will need to park on a larger road.

Urban roads

Urban streets may have one or more lanes and may be two-way or one-way roads. Crossroads do not always have stop signs or traffic lights, and even when they do, they are commonly ignored. Drivers must be alert for cross-traffic. Although driving the wrong way on roads is not permitted, it is common practice.

Restricted roads

There are a few roads, mainly near military and government installations, that are reserved for military and government officials. Members of the public are not permitted access on these roads. Prominent signs in both Vietnamese and English are displayed.

Dual carriageways

There are a few dual carriageways in Vietnam. Most of them are located in and around Hanoi. Costs vary for each carriageway, although most toll booths collect around VND 10,000 from automobile drivers and a slightly higher amount from vans seating more than 10 passengers, lorries and buses. Motorcycles are exempt from paying a toll on most roads. Other than road tolls on dual carriageways, there are few toll roads in Vietnam.

Expressways - Viet Nam currently recognizes two classes of expressway. Both have a minimum of two lanes in each direction, but Class A has grade separated interchanges, while Class B has at-grade intersections. There are 4 design-speed categories: 60, 80, 100 and 120 km/h. Generally all cars, buses and trucks are permitted on the expressway but motorcycles of less than 70 cc engine capacity are not.

Expressway is rather a new concept for Vietnamese, traffic is growing rapidly but the major roads are dangerous due to inappropriate design and an inappropriate traffic mix. Expressways would solve these problems along the key corridors, by separating high speed traffic from slower, local traffic.

List of expressways:

  1. Hanoi-Haiphong Expressway. Length: 96 km.
  2. North–South Expressway (Vietnam)
  3. Hanoi – Ninh Bình. Length: 84 km
  4. Ho Chi Minh City – Long Thanh – Dau Giay Expressway
  5. Ho Chi Minh City - Trung Luong Expressway
  6. Hanoi – Thái Nguyên. Length: 61 km
  7. Hanoi – Bắc Giang. Length: 63,5 km
  8. Lang -Hoa Lac Highway (Hanoi). Length: 31 km
  9. Hanoi - Hanoi International Airport. Length: 35 km
  10. Hanoi – Lào Cai (border checkpoint Lào Cai). Length: 279 km
  11. Lien Khuong – Prenn (Lâm Đồng). Length: 18 km
  12. Ho Chi Minh City – Long Khánh. Length: 45 km
  13. Hai Phong – Quảng Ninh
  14. Ha Long-Van Don-Mong Cai
  15. Ninh Binh-Hai Phong-Ha Long